51 Most Incredible German Scientists and Innovators of All Times

11. Fritz Albert Lipmann (1899 – 1986)

Fritz Albert LipmannFritz Albert Lipmann holds the merits for detecting for the first time the coenzyme A (CoA) which catalyzes the glycerol and fatty acids decomposition, when oxygen is lacking. CoA is very important for the metabolic process as it produces body energy consuming steroids, amino acids, fatty acids and hemoglobin.

He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1953 (shared with Hans Adolf Krebs).

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12. Fritz Haber (1868 – 1934)

Fritz HaberFritz Haber holds the merits for his notable work on analyzing the combining process of nitrogen and hydrogen forming ammonia. His discovery since then applied for producing fertilized and weaponries.

He received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1918 for his invention of the Haber-Bosch process

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13. Georges Jean Franz Köhler (1946 – 1995)

Georges Jean Franz KöhlerGeorges Jean Franz Köhler was the inventor of the monoclonal antibodies producing technique. Monoclonal antibodies are unique protein molecules through which diseases can be diagnosed and cured. Through this study, he gave the science the tool for immune system protection.

In 1984, together with César Milstein and Niels Kaj Jerne, Köhler won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

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14. Gerhard Domagk(1895-1964)

Gerhard Domagk
Gerhard Domagk contributed to the scientific development by discovering the antibiotic Sulfonamidochrysoidine (KI-730) found in pharmacies under the name Prontosil – for which he received the Nobel Prize in 1939.

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15. Gerhard Ertl (1936)

Gerhard Ertl
Gerhard Ertl is a respected scientist as he established the new subdicipline of physical chemistry known as surface chemistry, a subdicipline that experienced a quick growth.

In 2007 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his studies of chemical processes on solid surfaces.

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