51 Most Incredible German Scientists and Innovators of All Times

41. Sir Ernst Boris Chain (1906 – 1979)

Sir Ernst Boris ChainChain succeeded to isolate and purify one of the most prescribed antibiotics penicillin. He even reached to do the first experiment with penicillin for medical reasons.

As a gratifying matter of his distinguished scientific work, the Imperial College London is still today named after him, as well as the road in Castlebar.

Read more at Wikipedia.


42. Stefan Walter Hell (1962)

Stefan Walter HellStefan Walter Hell became a known scientist for overpassing the inherent resolution limit of optical microscopy through fluorescence. Fluorescence is an electromagnetic radiation production through the excitation of atoms, causing a direct reemitting.

Through his invention that leads to the Stimulated Emission Depletion microscopy and relating, he helped the world of microscopy shape. He proved that the resolving of fluorescence can be increased, as previously was limited to half of wavelength of 200 nanometers.

Read more at Wikipedia.

43. Theodor Wolfgang Hänsch (1941)


Theodor Wolfgang Hänsch holds the merits with his counterpart John L. Hall for establishing laser spectroscopy, highly used for spectroscopic studies. This enabled the identification of light frequency released by molecules and atoms.

Together with John L. Hall and Roy J. Glauber, he received one fourth of the 2005 Nobel Prize in Physics,

Read more at Wikipedia.

44. Thomas Christian Südhof (1955)

Thomas Christian Südhof

Südhof has the merits for explaining components and mechanisms of neurons’ chemical signals. These studies led to a better explanation the essential mechanisms of special neurological conditions such as schizophrenia, autism and Alzheimer.

Read more at Wikipedia.

45.Walther Hermann Nernst (1864 -1941)

Walther Hermann Nernst

Nernst was the originator of modern physical chemistry, establishing the third law of thermodynamics on temperature. This theory describes that the total energy inside the crystal becomes absolute zero Kelvin degree temperature.

Read more at Wikipedia.